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How Religious Experts View Scientology

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     The Church of Scientology has made history in the 1990s, and interest in the religion from all corners of the world continues to skyrocket. In 1993, the Internal Revenue Service of the United States acknowledged that the Church of Scientology International and more than 150 related churches and organizations were organized and operated solely for religious and charitable purposes. This made news around the world.

     The following year, in February 1994, the Church of Scientology turned 40 years of age and again made headlines throughout the world.

     These events, coupled with the continued growth and importance of the Church, drew the interest of millions of people from around the world, including scholars from many countries. They were invited to study the beliefs and practice of Scientology and publish their findings.

     The results so far include 60 studies by a roster of distinguished scholars. Each has analyzed Scientology from his own unique perspective, and in some cases compared it to other religions. The common denominator of all the studies is that although its historical and philosophical roots go back 10,000 years, Scientology is thoroughly contemporary. The scholars agree that it is unique among religions, with its precise path to greater happiness and fulfillment for people from all walks of life.

    The authors of the studies, from diverse backgrounds and geographic regions, include the world-renowned religion expert Bryan Ronald Wilson, professor emeritus, Oxford University; Lonnie Kliever, Professor, Southern Methodist University; Darroll Bryant, Professor, University of Waterloo, Canada; Michael Sivertsev, professor and special consultant to the President, Russia; Regis Dericquebourg, Professor, University of Lille III in France; Geoffrey Parrinder, scholar of religion, England; Fumio Sawada, Shinto religious scholar, Japan; Per-Arne Berglie, Professor, Stockholm, Sweden; Dario Sabbatucci, Professor of Religion, University of Rome, Italy. And dozens more.

    The expertises are presented here:

Religious Toleration & Religious Diversity
Bryan Wilson, Ph.D.
Emeritus Fellow Oxford University.

Scientology: A Way of Spiritual Self-Identification
by Michael A. Sivertsev,
Expert Advisor on International Matters to the Committee of the Russian Federation

The following expertises are available in Portable Document Format (PDF). To view them, install Adobe System, Inc.'s Acrobat Reader available for download at: http://www.adobe.com/products/acrobat/readstep.html


ENGLISH:

Scientology, Social Science and the Definition of Religion
James A. Beckford, Ph.D.
Professor of Sociology
University of Warwick
England
(135KB/14 pages)

Scientology: A Comparison with Religions of the East and West
Per-Arne Berglie
Professor, History of Religion
University of Stockholm
Stockholm, Sweden
(115KB/16 pages)

Is Scientology a Religion?
Alan W. Black
Associate Professor of Sociology
University of New England
Armidale, New South Wales
Australia
(181KB/15 pages)

Scientology: A New Religion
M. Darrol Bryant, Ph.D.
Professor of Religion and Culture
Renison College, University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
(253KB/6 pages)

Scientology
Régis Dericquebourg
Professor, Sociology of Religion
University of Lille III
Lille, France
(121KB/12 pages)

Scientology: The Marks of Religion
Frank K. Flinn, Ph.D.
Adjunct Professor in Religious Studies
Washington University
Saint Louis, Missouri
U.S.A.
(232KB/12 pages)

Scientology and Contemporary Definitions of Religion in the Social Sciences
Alejandro Frigerio, Ph.D.
Associate Professor of Sociology
Cathothic University of Argentina
Buenos Aires, Argentina
(257KB/16 pages)

Scientology: Its True Nature
Harri Heino
Professor of Theology
University of Tempere
Helsinki, Finland
(204KB/7 pages)

Is Scientology a Religion?
A Report of Research by Dean M. Kelley
Counselor on Religious Liberty
National Counsel of Churches of Christ in the U.S.A.
(364KB/11 pages)

The Reliability of Apostate Testimony about New Religious Movements
Lonnie D. Kliever, Dr. Phil.
Professor of Religious Studies
Southern Methodist University
Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.
(203KB/17 pages)

Religious Philosophy, Religion and Church
G.C. Oosthuizen, Th.D.
Professor (Retired), Dept. of Science of Religion
University of Durban-Westville
Natal, South Africa
(199KB/9 pages)

The Religious Nature of Scientology
Geoffrey Parrinder, Ph.D.
Professor Emeritus
Comparative Study of Religions
University of London
England
(192KB/4 pages)

Apostates and New Religious Movements
Bryan Ronald Wilson, Ph.D.
Emeritus Fellow
University of Oxford
England
(142KB/6 pages)

Social Change and New Religious Movements
Bryan Ronald Wilson, Ph.D.
Emeritus Fellow
University of Oxford
England
(142KB/6 pages)

Scientology Its Historical­Morphological Frame
Dario Sabbatucci
Professor of History of Religions
University of Rome
Rome, Italy
(145KB/7 pages)

Scientology A Way of Spiritual Self­Indentification
Michael A. Sivertsev, Ph.D.
Chairman for New Religions
Board of Cooperation with Religious Organisations
Office of the Russian President
(193KB/14 pages)

Scientology and Religion
Christiaan Vonck, Ph. D.
Rector, Faculty for Comparative Study Of Religions
Antwerp, Belgium
(185KB/6 pages)

The Church of Scientology
Juha Pentikainen, Ph.D.
Marja Pentikainen, MSC
Helsinki, Finland
(174KB/12 pages)

The Relationship Between Scientology and Other Religions
Mr. Fumio Sawada
Eighth Holder of the secrets
of Yu­itsu Shinto
(150KB/8 pages)


FRENCH: (Français)

Scientologie
Régis Dericquebourg
Professeur en Sociologie des Religions
Université de Lille III
Lille, France
(349KB/12 pages)

Scientologie: Les Caracteristiques d’une Religion
Frank K. Flinn, Ph.D.
Professeur Auxiliaire
en Etudes Religieuses
à l'Université de Washington
Saint Louis, Missouri
U.S.A.
(380KB/12 pages)

La Fiabilité du Témoignage d'un Apostat à Propos des Nouveaux Mouvements Religieux
Professeur Lonnie D. Kliever
Département des études religieuses
Southern Methodist University
Dallas, Texas, U.S.A.
(210KB/8 pages)

La Scientologie: Une Religion
Professeur Jacques Robert
Professeur agrégé de droit public
Président de l'Université de Paris II
Paris, France
(253KB/16 pages)

Diversité des Religions & Tolérance
Bryan Wilson, Ph.D.
Professeur Honoraire
Université d'Oxford
(341KB/40 pages)

La Scientologie : Une voie pour se trouver
Michael A. Sivertsev
Expert Conseil en
matières internationales
au Comité de la Fédération Russe
(208KB/12 pages)

Scientologie Une Nouvelle Religion
M. Darrol Bryant, Ph.D.
Professeur de Religion et de Culture
Renison College, Université de Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, Canada
(221KB/12 pages)

La Scientologie
Une analyse et comparaison de
ses systèmes et doctrines religieux

Bryant R. Wilson, Ph.D.
Professeur Honoraire
Université de Oxford
Angleterre
(377KB/51 pages)


GERMAN (Deutsch):

Ist Scientology eine Religion?
Alan W. Black
Außerordentlicher Professor für Soziologie
Universität von Neu-England
Armidale, New South Wales
Australien
(420KB/16 pages)

Scientology: Eine Religion in Südafrika
David Chidester
Professor für vergleichende
Religionswissenschaft
Universität Kapstadt
Südafrika
(386KB/15 pages)

Scientology: Die Kennzeichen einer Religion
Frank K. Flinn, Ph.D.
Außerordentlicher Professor
für Religionswissenschaft
Universität Washington
Saint Louis, Missouri
USA
(371KB/12 pages)

Scientology: Ihre wahre Natur
Harri Heino
Professor für Theologie
Tampere, Finnland
(327KB/7 pages)

Scientology: Eine religiöse Gemeinschaft
Lonnie D. Kliever, Dr. Phil.
Professor für Religionswissenschaft
Southern Methodist University
Dallas, Texas, USA
(340KB/12 pages)

Scientology: Ein Vergleich mit östlichen und westlichen Religionen
Per-Arne Berglie
Professor für Religionsgeschichte
Universität Stockholm
Stockholm, Schweden
(175KB/6 pages)


ITALIAN (Italiano):

Scientology è una Religione?
Alan W. Black
Professore Associato di Sociologia
Università del New England,
Armidale, New South Wales
Australia
(238KB/13 pages)

Scientology: una religione in Sud Africa
David Chidester
Professore di
Religione Comparata
Università di Città del Capo
Sud Africa
(259KB/16 pages)

la vera natura di Scientology
Harri Heino
Docente di teologia
Tampere, Finlandia
(178KB/7 pages)

Scientology comunità di culto
Prof. Lonnie D. Kliever
Docente di Studio della Religione
Università Metodista Meridionale
Dallas, Texas U.S.A.
(243KB/13 pages)

Relazione sulla “Scientology” inquadramento storico-morfologico
Dario Sabbatucci
Professore di Storia delle Religioni
Università di Roma
(131KB/8 pages)

Filosofia Religiosa, Religione e Chiesa
del Professor G.C. Oosthuizen
della facoltá di Scienza delle Religioni
Università di Durban-Westville,
Natal, Sud Africa
(212KB/9 pages)

Scientology: I segni caratteristici di una religione
Dott. Frank K. Flinn
Professore incaricato
di studio delle religioni Università di Washington
St. Louis, Missouri,
U.S.A
(225KB/13 pages)


SPANISH (Español):

¿Es Scientology una Religión?
Alan W. Black
Profesor adjunto de sociología
Universidad de Nueva Inglaterra Armidale,
Nueva Gales del Sur,
Australia
(292KB/15 pages)

Cienciología: una nueva Religión
Doctor en Filosofía M. Darrol Bryant
Profesor de Religión y Cultura
Renison College, Universidad de Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario, Canadá
(233KB/12 pages)

Cienciología: rasgos de Religión
Frank K. Flinn, Doctor en Filosofía
Profesor Adjunto
en Estudios Religiosos
Universidad de Washington
Saint Louis, Missouri
EE. UU.
(229KB/12 pages)

La Scientology: definiciones actuales de la religión desde las ciencias sociales
Doctor en Filosofía Alejandro Frigerio
Investigador, Consejo Nacional de
Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas
Buenos Aires, Argentina
(256KB/16 pages)

Cienciología: su verdadera naturaleza
Harri Heino
Catedrático de Teología
Tampere, Finlandia
(311KB/6 pages)

La confiabilidad del testimonio de apóstatas sobre nuevos movimientos religiosos
Profesor Lonnie D. Kliever
Departamento de Estudios Religiosos
Universidad Metodista del Sur
Dallas, Texas, EE. UU.
(191KB/8 pages)

Scientology : Análisis y comparación de sus doctrinas y sistemas religiosos
Bryan Wilson, Doctor en Filosofía
Catedrático Emérito
Universidad de Oxford
Inglaterra
(548KB/56 pages)

Cientología: Una religión en Sudáfrica
Doctor en Filosofía David Chidester
Profesor de Religión Comparativa
Universidad de Ciudad del Cabo
Director del Instituto de Religión
Comparativa de Sudáfrica
(251KB/16 pages)


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